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Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP)

What is Pelvic Organ Prolapse? Pelvic organ prolapse is a condition in which one or more pelvic organs descend in the pelvis and sometime protrude from the vaginal opening. It’s a common condition, affecting about one of every three women age 45 or older. In its milder stages, there are no symptoms and no treatment is needed. Pelvic organ prolapse can be caused or aggravated by smoking, menopause, obesity, family history, coughing, chronic constipation, pelvic trauma or previous surgery, repeated heavy lifting, multiple vaginal deliveries, loss of muscle tone, estrogen loss, and certain medical conditions such as diabetes or connective tissue disorders. What are the symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse? Pelvic organ prolapse symptoms include: disturbances in normal bladder or rectal function feelings of pelvic pressure, heaviness, bulging or...

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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

What are pelvic inflammatory diseases? Pelvic inflammatory diseases are infections of the upper reproductive organs, such as the ovaries, the uterus and the Fallopian tubes. In the United States alone, more than one million women are affected by pelvic inflammatory diseases every year. More than 100,000 of these women become infertile every year. Pelvic inflammatory diseases are caused when germs move upward from the vagina and cervix. Most cases stem from sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and chlamydia infection. How are pelvic inflammatory diseases diagnosed? Pelvic inflammatory diseases can be difficult to diagnose. The affected organs are not easy to examine, and symptoms may be similar to those of other conditions. To determine if you have a pelvic inflammatory disease, Dr. Sargent may conduct one or more of...

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What’s all this fuss about HPV?

HPV infection is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Human papillomavirus is the name of a group of viruses that includes more than 100 different strains or types. Of these, approximately 30 different types of HPV infect the genital area and are spread primarily through any type of genital contact. Most HPV infections have no signs or symptoms; therefore, most infected persons are unaware that they have HPV or if they transmitted the disease to their partner. Approximately 20 million people are currently infected with HPV. At least 50 percent of sexually active men and women acquire genital HPV infection at some point in their lives. All types of HPV can infect both men and women equally, however women...

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Endometriosis

What is endometriosis? The lining of the uterus is called the endometrium. Sometimes this tissue grows elsewhere in the body. This condition, called endometriosis, can cause pain that ranges from mild to severe. Left untreated, endometriosis can cause infertility. Endometriosis is a long-term condition, with symptoms that may occur off and on until menopause. What are the symptoms of endometriosis? Women who have endometriosis often show no symptoms. When there are symptoms, they can include: pelvic pain before or during the menstrual cycle pelvic pain during sex, bowel movements or urination menstrual bleeding more than once a month How is endometriosis diagnosed? To determine whether you have endometriosis, Dr. Sargent may conduct one or more of the following: pelvic pain questionnaire review (Pelvic Pain Assessment Form) physical and pelvic examinations ...

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Dysmenorrhea

What is dysmenorrhea? More than half of menstruating women experience mild pain one or two days a month. This pain usually comes from the uterus, which is a muscle that can expand and contract. During some menstrual periods, the uterus contracts more strongly than usual, and this can cause a cramping pain. When the pain is severe enough to interfere with normal activity, it is called dysmenorrhea. In most cases, dysmenorrhea can be successfully treated with medications. Symptoms of dysmenorrhea can include: cramps or pain in the lower back or abdomen a pulling sensation in the inner thighs diarrhea vomiting dizziness nausea headache Dysmenorrhea may simply be related to strong uterine contractions during menstruation, or it may a sign of an underlying disorder such as fibroids (benign tumors...

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