What is Pelvic Organ Prolapse?
Pelvic organ prolapse is a condition in which one or more pelvic organs descend in the pelvis and sometime protrude from the vaginal opening. It’s a common condition, affecting about one of every three women age 45 or older. In its milder stages, there are no symptoms and no treatment is needed.
Pelvic organ prolapse can be caused or aggravated by smoking, menopause, obesity, family history, coughing, chronic constipation, pelvic trauma or previous surgery, repeated heavy lifting, multiple vaginal deliveries, loss of muscle tone, estrogen loss, and certain medical conditions such as diabetes or connective tissue disorders.
What are the symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse?
Pelvic organ prolapse symptoms include:
- disturbances in normal bladder or rectal function
- feelings of pelvic pressure, heaviness, bulging or pain
- recurring bladder infections
- excessive vaginal discharge
- discomfort or lack of sensation during sexual intercourse
How is pelvic organ prolapse treated?
Pelvic organ prolapse symptoms can sometimes be offset by Kegel exercises or the use of a pessary (an elastic or rigid device that is inserted into the vagina to support the uterus).
For women whose medical conditions or personal circumstances call for definitive treatment, Dr. Sargent offers treatment of pelvic organ prolapse by using site-specific pelvic reconstructive surgery.